Infrastructure Development

Physical Rehabilitation aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities affecting the brain, spinal cord, nerves, bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, and tendons.

Physical rehabilitation programs can be conducted while a person is a hospital inpatient, or on an outpatient basis. The physical rehabilitation team revolves around the patient and family. The team helps set short- and long-term treatment goals for recovery and is made up of many skilled professionals, including the following:

  • Neurologist/neurosurgeon
  • Orthopedist/orthopedic surgeon
  • Physiatrist
  • Internist
  • Rehabilitation nurse
  • Dietitian
  • Physical therapist
  • Occupational therapist
  • Speech therapist/language therapist
  • Psychologist/psychiatrist
  • Recreational therapist
  • Audiologist
  • Chaplain
  • Vocational therapist

The goals of a physical rehabilitation program include helping the individual to return to the highest level of function and independence. It also aims to improve the overall quality of life for that individual—physically, emotionally, and socially. A typical neurological rehabilitation program helps to accomplish and/or may include the following:

  • Assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs), such as eating, dressing, bathing, using the toilet, handwriting, cooking, and basic housekeeping
  • Speech therapy (to help patients who are having trouble speaking, expressing their thoughts, or swallowing; to improve speech patterns, enunciation, and oral communication, in general)
  • Counseling (to deal with anxiety and depression)
  • Bladder and bowel retraining
  • Activities to improve control and muscle balance in the trunk, pelvis, and shoulder girdle
  • An exercise program (to improve function, safety, and efficiency of movement; to prevent or postpone weakness caused by lack of use; to manage spasticity and pain; to maintain range of motion; to develop the maximum potential of muscle, bone, and respiration)
  • Social skills retraining
  • Gait and balance retraining
  • Nutritional counseling
  • Involvement in community support groups
  • Activities to improve cognitive impairments, such as difficulties with concentration, attention, memory, and poor judgment
  • Education regarding the disease and disease process
  • Goal setting (short- and long-term) involving the individual and family members

Our aim at Center for Research Education and Development in Physical Rehabilitation is to help provide resources and access to funds that can enhance building of infrastructures for Physical Rehabilitation Development.

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